By 1990, Hispanics and Latin Americans overtook blacks to become the largest minority group in the state. The Texas A&M College of Engineering is one of the largest engineering schools in the country. Plus golf courses, cowboy and high art culture, and a rich history. Texas has a deregulated electric service.  According to the 2010 United States census, the racial composition of Texas was the following: White American 70.4 percent, (Non-Hispanic whites 45.3 percent), Black or African American 11.8 percent, American Indian 0.7 percent, Asian 3.8 percent (1.0 percent Indian, 0.8 percent Vietnamese, 0.6 percent Chinese, 0.4 percent Filipino, 0.3 percent Korean, 0.1 percent Japanese, 0.6 percent other Asian), Pacific Islander 0.1 percent, some other race 10.5 percent, and two or more races 2.7 percent.  The state had already redistricted following the 2000 census.  The first railroad to enter Texas from the north, completed in 1872, was the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad. After the 1803 Louisiana Purchase, the United States inherited this odd circumstance. Resources. By the time the region came to be explored, it belonged to the fairly well-known Comanche, another Uto-Aztecan people who had transitioned into a powerful horse culture, but it is believed that they came later and did not live there during the 16th century. Texas is the leading crude oil- and natural gas-producing state in the U.S. This region is dominated by prairie and steppe. In 2011, it also produced more cattle, sheep, hay, cotton and wool than any other state.  Texas is the fifth-largest Muslim-populated state in the country. Texas A&M is more than a great university; it is the home of the Aggie family with a long history of spirit and tradition. The bill encourages demographic diversity while avoiding problems stemming from the Hopwood v. Texas (1996) case. Despite these efforts, the legislature passed a map heavily in favor of Republicans, based on 2000 data and ignoring the estimated nearly one million new residents in the state since then. While the United States claimed Texas's border stretched to the Rio Grande, Mexico claimed it was the Nueces River leaving the Rio Grande Valley under contested Texan sovereignty. It begins with trail rides from several points throughout the state that convene at Reliant Park.  The provisional government soon collapsed from infighting, and Texas was without clear governance for the first two months of 1836. Universities in Texas host three presidential libraries: George Bush Presidential Library at Texas A&M University, the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum at The University of Texas at Austin, and the George W. Bush Presidential Library at Southern Methodist University. After electing interim officers, the Convention disbanded. Cherokee made up 0.1 percent of the population, and numbered over 19,400. County and state elections are partisan. The oldest rocks in Texas date from the Mesoproterozoic and are about 1,600 million years old. , The Trust for America's Health ranked Texas 15th highest in adult obesity, with 27.2 percent of the state's population measured as obese. We are at the heart of Texas’ most comprehensive health science center, and as such we are able to capitalize on the strength of interprofessional education and the research power of Texas A&M University. Outside the "Big Four", Texas also has a WNBA team, (the Dallas Wings) and two Major League Soccer teams (the Houston Dynamo and FC Dallas). The Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was completed near the Hasinai village of Nabedaches in May 1690, in what is now Houston County, East Texas. It is the only university in Texas that has been designated as a land, sea, and space grant institution. Texas A&M University Office of Admissions’ mail service has not resumed delivery to destinations outside of the United States. Scholarships are a great way to help pay for college and are one of many ways that you can fund your education. Texas is also home to more than 187,000 Vietnamese and 136,000 Chinese. People identifying as multiracial form 2.9 percent of the population, and number over 800,000 people. The Dallas–Fort Worth and Houston metropolitan areas number about 6.3 million and 5.7 million residents, respectively. This included the Caddoans of Louisiana and Arkansas. Texas has compensated by building America's largest highway and railway systems. Texas has 254 counties, which is more than any other state by 95 (Georgia). on down to the tiniest, most charming out-of-the-way towns.  As an independent nation, Texas would rank as the world's eleventh-largest producer of electricity, after South Korea, and ahead of the United Kingdom.  Other stated reasons included court-ordered redistricting and the demographic shift in relation to the Sun Belt that favored the Republican Party and conservatism. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and the Southwestern regions. This margin existed until Laurasia and Gondwana collided in the Pennsylvanian subperiod to form Pangea. Many sought asylum in the United States.. For the 2019-2020 school year, the Texas Education Agency reported there were more than 10,000 Aggies working in Texas schools across 738 districts and 213 counties. Please ensure that you are following ways to stop the spread of respiratory diseases, like COVID-19, by: Avoiding close contact with people who are sick; Covering cough and sneeze; Avoiding touching eyes, nose and mouth; and Washing your hands with soap and water. Highways throughout Texas. 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